Charles VIII, King of France

(1470–1498)
   In 1485, the regency government of Charles VIII of FRANCE supplied money and men for the invasion that placed HENRY VII and the house of TUDOR on the English throne. In 1492, after having assumed personal direction of the government, Charles VIII threatened the Tudor dynasty by supporting Perkin WARBECK, a Yorkist pretender to the English Crown.
   Because Charles was only thirteen when his father, LOUIS XI, died in 1483, control of the French government fell to the new king’s sister, Anne of Beaujeau. When a coalition of French nobles sought to overthrow the regent by forging alliances with foreign princes, including RICHARD III of England and FRANCIS II of BRITTANY, the government responded by encouraging internal opposition in those states.To distract the English king, the French offered financial assistance to Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, the remaining Lancastrian claimant to the English Crown. On 1 August 1485, Richmond sailed from France with a fleet of seven vessels paid for by the French Crown and led by a French vice admiral. Most of the 2,000-man force that embarked with the earl consisted of French and Scottish veterans provided by the regency government. Because these troops formed the core of the army that won Richmond the Crown at the Battle of BOSWORTH FIELD on 22 August, the French later claimed that Henry VII had become king of England “by the grace of Charles VIII” (Davies, p. 177). Anglo-French relations deteriorated in 1491, when Charles married Anne of Brittany, a match that threatened absorption of the Duchy of Brittany into France. To counter Henry’s opposition to his Breton designs, Charles invited Perkin Warbeck to travel from IRELAND to Paris, where the king promised to fund Warbeck’s attempt to overthrow Henry VII. Warbeck claimed to be EDWARD IV’s younger son, Richard PLANTAGENET, duke of York, who had disappeared in the TOWER OF LONDON in 1483 with his brother EDWARD V. Recognizing Warbeck as “Richard IV,” rightful king of England, Charles granted him a generous pension and allowed him to live in comfort at the French COURT. In October 1492, Henry led an army across the Channel to the defense of Brittany. However, by early November, he and Charles had concluded the Treaty of Etaples. In return for Henry’s acquiescence in the French takeover of Brittany, Charles, who was anxious to undertake a campaign in Italy, covered Henry’s campaign expenses and paid the arrears of the pension promised to Edward IV in 1475. Charles also agreed to give no shelter to Henry’s rebels, a clause that forced Warbeck to end his ten-month stay in France and remove to BURGUNDY. Having divorced himself from Warbeck’s enterprise, Charles was freed to launch his Italian adventure, which, after initial successes, ended in failure in 1495. Charles died childless in April 1498.
   Further Reading: Antonovics, A.V.,“Henry VII, King of England, By the Grace of Charles VIII of France,” in Ralph A. Griffiths and James Sherborne, eds., Kings and Nobles in the Later Middle Ages (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986), pp. 169–184; Commines, Philippe de, The Memoirs of Philippe de Commynes, edited by Samuel Kinser, translated by Isabelle Cazeaux, 2 vols. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1969–1973); Davies,C. S. L.,“The Wars of the Roses in European Context,” in A. J. Pollard, ed., The Wars of the Roses (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995), pp. 162–185; Potter,David, A History of France, 1460-1560: The Emergence of a Nation State (London: Macmillan, 1995).

Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Orlando, Dauphin of France — Charles Orlando Le dauphin Charles Orland by Jean Hey, the Master of Moulins , 1494. Dauphin of France …   Wikipedia

  • Charles VIII of France — Charles VIII Charles VIII, Ecole Française, 16th century. Musée Condé, Chantilly. King …   Wikipedia

  • CHARLES VIII —    king of France, son and successor of Louis XI.; during his minority the kingdom suffered from the turbulence and revolts of the nobles; married Anne of Brittany, heiress of the rich duchy of that name, by which it was added to the crown of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Charles VIII — (1470 1498)    king of France    The king of France (1483 98), Charles VIII was the son of louis xi and Charlotte of Savoy. His sister, anne de france, who served as regent (1483 91), was the wife of Pierre de Beaujeu, who himself was able to… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Charles VIII — 1470 98, king of France 1483 98 (son of Louis XI). * * * born June 30, 1470, Amboise, France died April 7, 1498, Amboise King of France (1483–98). He abandoned claims to parts of present day France and Spain, and he consolidated French ownership… …   Universalium

  • Charles VIII — 1470 98, king of France 1483 98 (son of Louis XI) …   Useful english dictionary

  • King of France — noun the sovereign ruler of France • Hypernyms: ↑king, ↑male monarch, ↑Rex • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Capet, ↑Hugh Capet, ↑Charles, ↑Charles II, ↑Charles …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles VI of France — Charles VI the Mad Charles VI of France by the painter known as the Master of Boucicaut (1412) …   Wikipedia

  • Charles de Valois, Duc de Berry — For other people of the same name, see Charles, Duke of Berry (disambiguation). French Monarchy Capetian Dynasty (House of Valois) …   Wikipedia

  • Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor — Charles V Holy Roman Emperor; King of the Romans; King of Italy Reign 28 June 1519 – 27 August 1556[1] …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.